IEEE 2017-2018 Project Titles on Arduino

Abstract:

Recently, academia and industry have focused on the creation of new systems for mapping and exploration of unknown spaces in order to create advanced guide systems for robots and people affected by disabilities. In particular, the most common applications are related to the exploration of unknown and/or dangerous spaces that are not accessible to people by exploiting the advantages offered by ultrasonic technology. This work aims at designing a new low-cost system, namely, ultrasonic radar system, to blindly map environments by using ultrasonic sensors, then displaying the acquired information through an Android-based device.

Abstract:

This paper describes the proposed system, which is able to monitor, record and give indicator about air quality information especially the CO values in the environment. The system is designed to work real time using web-based and android applications. A portable gas detector was developed using micro controller. In order to detect the CO value, TGS2600 is used; here an additional function is added by using a thermal sensor to detect the temperature in the environment. Furthermore, a WiFi module is attached to the micro controller to send the data and communicate with the web-based server. The advantage of the proposed system is that, the users can monitor, record and get a warning about the CO value portably. Moreover, the user can also setup the threshold level of each parameter. The proposed system was to be tested using by Black-box method to test the functionality. The results showed that the system runs well with 0% error and can show the CO and temperature values in real time.

Abstract:

Each and every person in this world has a desire to live a normal human life but accidents, diseases, elder-ship make their desire into disability. Moreover, there are lots of handicaps and elders as well as the number of paralyzed people are increasing day by day. They always need another person in moving and have to go under some physical therapies under the guidance of a therapist to recuperate their strain back. In this paper the proposed system helps them to move freely & safely and also takes the activities of a therapist in a cost effective manner. This system is a combination of different controlling features, has the ability to detect obstacle and provides few kinds of therapies. A smart wheelchair is developed by using voice recognition system to control the movement of wheelchair and also with Arduino interfaced joystick. Besides, an ultrasound system provides the facility of automatic obstacle detection. The aim of research is to compact many facilities in a single wheelchair at low cost.

Abstract:

Security has always been a major concern for the households and the office environment, and for this concern various approaches are in place to address the problem. Most of the major door lock security systems have several loopholes which could be broken down to gain access to the desired places, and it creates a concern for a secure lifestyle and proper working environment. Additionally, terrorism and unauthorized access to places have become a major issue now-a-days, and there is a need for a secure system to prevent unauthorized access especially in shared access environment. With this consideration, a design and prototype of a biometric fingerprint based door lock system has been presented in this paper. Biometric systems such as fingerprint provide tools to enforce reliable logs of system transactions and protect an individual's right to privacy. The RFID or password based door lock mechanisms can easily be compromised when the RFID card or passwords are shared or stolen, thus for facilities with shared access require biometric-based secure system. In the proposed system, fingerprints of the authorized users are enrolled and verified to provide access to a facility that is used by multiple users. A user can also be removed and a new user can be enrolled in the system. We have implemented a centralized control system from where we can control who can enter in which rooms and who cannot. This is an Arduino UNO device based flexible working device that provides physical security using the fingerprint sensor technology.

Abstract:

In this paper a low cost and user friendly remote controlled home automation system is presented using Arduino board, Bluetooth module, smartphone, ultrasonic sensor and moisture sensor. A smartphone application is used in the suggested system which allows the users to control up to 18 devices including home appliances and sensors using Bluetooth technology. Nowadays, most of conventional home automation systems are designed for special purposes while proposed system is a general purpose home automation system. Which can easily be implement in existing home. The suggested system has more features than conventional home automation systems such as an ultrasonic sensor is used for water level detection and soil moisture sensor is use for automatic plant irrigation system. This paper also describes the hardware and software architecture of system, future work and scope. The proposed prototype of home automation system is implemented and tested on hardware and it gave the exact and expected results.

Abstract:

Body movements monitoring may allow preventing, diagnosing, and recovering several wrong attitudes that could lead to possible future diseases. A multisensor system was developed to measure thigh movements in free-living environments all-day long especially during walking. The device is a very simple and portable system based on low-cost technology. It is composed of an inertial sensor and a strain sensor for detecting thigh movements, and of a microcontroller and a Bluetooth module. The measurement data are collected and sent wirelessly to a PC for storing and further analyses. We validated and tested the wearable system on ten healthy subjects during walking and running by using an accurate inertial motion capture (Mo-cap) system. The inclination of the thigh measured by the proposed system has differed of maximum 5.5° with respect to the flexion/extension measured by the Mo-cap system. Furthermore, the experimental results have showed that the strain sensor output can also be related to the muscle activity during walking. This assumption has further been sustained when the system is tested during running. Thanks to its high wearability, wireless communication over long distances, and long-battery life, the system could be adopted for domestic applications.

Abstract:

Diabetes is one of the life threatening diseases in the world. Nowadays, diabetes patients are increasing due to improper monitoring of blood glucose level. The diabetes infected patients have to check the amount of glucose level present in the body using invasive method. By using this method, they have to take a drop of blood from the body and check the amount of glucose level, by which they can inject the required amount of insulin into the body. To overcome the difficulties caused by invasive method, in this prototype we are using non-invasive methodology. The main objective of this work is to design a portable non-invasive blood glucose level monitoring device using near infrared sensors. The device includes Infrared LED, Photodiode and ATMEGA328 Microcontroller. Besides being able to detect glucose concentration in blood, the device also displays the required insulin dose based on glucose level corresponding to the Body Mass Index (BMI) of the user.

Abstract:

This paper presents the design and performance analysis of an efficient solar energy harvesting single axis sun tracking system employing dynamic offset parabolic mirrored reflector dish to increase the efficiency of solar energy harvesting system. The performance of proposed solar energy harvesting system has been analyzed by comparing the output of proposed system with static solar panel and solar panel with static mirrored reflector system. It has been observed that proposed system is capable of harvesting more energy than static solar panel system and solar panel with static offset mirrored parabolic dish. The parabolic mirrored reflector dish is capable of reflecting the light radiations and focusing the reflected light at its focal point where solar panel has been placed to harvest the light energy efficiently. The clocked tracking system has been used to rotate the dish in the direction of motion of sun. The Arduino UNO controller has been employed to rotate the dish by step angle of 6.25 degree at periodic interval of 30 minutes during daytime between 6 AM to 6 PM. The energy harvesting system is autonomously operating the motor driven dish by harnessing a portion of harvested solar energy which is stored in rechargeable lead acid battery. The proposed solar energy harvesting system is capable of generating average output voltage of 7.822 volts and 6.144 mA. The proposed system is 81 percent more efficient than static solar panel system and 48.26 percent more efficient than solar panel with static reflector system. The proposed energy harvesting system can be efficiently employed for various applications like water heating, etc.

Abstract:

This paper discusses the concept of a smart wearable device for little children. The major advantage of this wearable over other wearable is that it can be used in any cellphone and doesn't necessarily require an expensive smartphone and not a very tech savvy individual to operate. The purpose of this device is to help parents locate their children with ease. At the moment there are many wearables in the market which help track the daily activity of children and also help find the child using Wi-Fi and Bluetooth services present on the device. But Wi-Fi and Bluetooth appear to be an unreliable medium of communication between the parent and child. Therefore, the focus of this paper is to have an SMS text enabled communication medium between the child's wearable and the parent as the environment for GSM mobile communication is almost present everywhere. The parent can send a text with specific keywords such as “LOCATION” “TEMPERATURE” “UV” “SOS” “BUZZ”, etc., the wearable device will reply back with a text containing the real time accurate location of the child which upon tapping will provide directions to the child's location on google maps app and will also provide the surrounding temperature, UV radiation index so that the parents can keep track if the temperature or UV radiation is not suitable for the child. The prime motivation behind this paper is that we know how important technology is in our lives but it can sometimes can't be trusted, and we always need to have a secondary measure at hand. The secondary measure used in this project is the people present in the surrounding of the child who could instantly react for the child's safety till the parents arrive or they could contact the parents and help locate them. The secondary measure implemented was using a bright SOS Light and distress alarm buzzer present on the wearable device which when activated by the parents via SMS text should display the SOS signal brightly and sound an alarm which a bystander can easily spot as a sign of distress. Hence this paper aims at providing parents with a sense of security for their child in today's time.

Abstract:

Floods are a constant threat throughout the year to the United Stated and its territories like Puerto Rico. Although there are various methods of alerts available; such as the Emergency Broadcast System or sirens, none of these can alert a user remotely in an efficient and timely manner. The design goal of this project is to provide a real-time system able to monitor sudden floods in parking lots, addressing the concern of water damage to vehicles; creating a personal opt-in alert that could reach an end user through their mobile phone. In this case, the system defines two types of nodes: Sensing and Sink. Each sensing node uses a hydrostatic pressure sensor to monitor the water levels; it will then communicate with neighboring nodes via XBee radios until the data reaches the sink node. The sink node is then responsible for sending the received data from the sensors to a remote server via mobile communications network (GSM). An up to date database of users and flood levels will then be processed and handled by the server, which will send users an email alert that will reach any mobile phone as a text message (SMS).

Abstract:

This paper elucidates the design and implementation of a low-cost wireless intelligent two hand gesture recognition system. The proposed system consists of a primary and secondary sub-system which work in tandem to recognize static gestures signed by the user. Each of the sub-systems consists of a sensory glove, embedded with custom made, low-cost flex and contact sensors interfaced with a ATMega328 microcontroller. The two sub-systems are wirelessly inter-connected through a pair of TI's CC2541 Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) modules. The system recognizes gestures with the help of a Dual-mode Intelligent Agent (DIA) which operates in Identification Mode (IM) and intelligently switches to Enhanced Identification Mode (EIM) when the gesture fails to get recognized in IM. The EIM incorporates a Bit Stream Error Elimination (BSEE) algorithm which enhances the gesture recognition accuracy without the addition of any external hardware. The performance of the system was evaluated using a data set comprising of 196 static gestures from eight globally used sign languages. The system efficiency was found to be 80.06% in IM and was enhanced to 93.16% in EIM. The cost of the proposed system in prototype stage is USD 22, which the authors believe could be realized at under USD 10 on commercialization.

Abstract:

Recently vehicle tracking system is getting vast popularity because of the rising number of the stolen vehicles. Vehicle theft is happening on parking and sometimes driving in unsecured places. This research work explores how to avoid this kind of stealing and provides more security to the vehicles. The implemented system contains single-board embedded system which is equipped with global system for mobile (GSM) and global positioning system (GPS) along with a microcontroller installed in the vehicle. The use of GSM and GPS technologies allows the system to track the object and provides the most up-to-date information about on-going trips. Moreover, fingerprint verification is done in the implemented system to ensure the driving of correct person. The implemented system is very simple with greater security for vehicle anti-theft protection and low cost technique compared to others

Abstract:

Home Automation Systems (HAS) have gained world-wide popularity these days. It guarantees security, surveillance and solace to the user and make their life more comfortable. In developed countries, many households have smart home automation systems which detect their surroundings and act on the data to trigger home appliances such as fan, air conditioners etc. But these systems are not very popular in developing nations as compared to developed nations because of their pricing. Also, almost all of these systems are hard coded so they just make some decisions based on iterative conditions. The system has neither user defined nor conditional control. There comes the need of Voice Controlled Home Automation Systems (VCHAS). The proposed ZigBee based home automation system and Wi-Fi network are unified through a mutual home gateway. The combinatory offers network interoperability, a simple and supple user interface, and distant access to the system.

Abstract:

Traffic accidents have recently become a significant terror for all members of the community, their contribution to the cause of death and huge economic losses have become very large, this is due to the violation of the traffic rules and exceeding the speed limit for the road by the drivers. The main objective of this study is to improve the traffic flow to overcome these problems. The methodology used in this study is to design a communication system between the road and the car to alert and control the speed of the car wirelessly via XBEE; it consists of a two transceiver module. The device is fixed at Pre-determined position send the speed limit and gives notes about general facilities of the road like the word “emergency” to inform the drivers that there is an ambulance, this alert appear in a form of messages which displayed on the Liquid Crystal Display LCD. The other device is fixed on the car that received these messages wirelessly, and then displays it on the LCD. The result obtained from this study is by calculating the number of Revolution Per Minute (RPM) for a motor is 460 rpm, therefore the maximum speed of the car is 450 kilometers per hour for cars with the wheel radius of 26 cm. The programs used for simulation are Proteus, arduino software and visual basic.

Abstract:

Agriculture is the mainstay for Bangladesh and the provision of water is an important factor that determines the output of the agriculture sector. Since natural water availability is prone to many aspects of nature such as rain and capacity of rain-water reservoir, irrigation or alternative supply of water becomes a critical element in agriculture. The existing irrigation mechanisms through the motor-pumps are heavily dependent on fossil fuel regarded as an offender in the carbon footprint debacle. The poor farmers find themselves with insurmountable hurdles as they are constrained by the financial cost on fuel. The profit maximization gets a major setback due to the exorbitant amount of expenditure due to fuel consumption. An innovative approach to do away with such limitation is the utilization of natural resource for irrigation purpose, an intelligent auto irrigation system which is based on the concept of harnessing the power of sun. Through the use of solar panel, sunlight is captured into the photovoltaic cells and transferred to a battery to be charged during the day. All this setting is facilitated by circuits one associated with the solar panel and the other one for detecting the presence of sunlight during the day since the system would not allow any water to flow unless it is the night time. In order to drive the pump into action, two conditions need to be fulfilled one darkness, detected by a photo resistor and the second one is the dryness of soil, to be determined by a moisture sensor, and this setting would be programmed by a platform both hardware and software with Arduino Uno. Although the charging time of the battery by solar panel would be a little lengthy, the long exposure to the sun would provide enough time and charging volume to the battery. The battery would comfortably provide a considerable duration of power to the water pump that can supply sufficient amount of water to agricultural land of any decent size.

Abstract:

The main goal of this project is to design a very precise solar tracker. The project is divided into two parts; hardware and software. Hardware part generally composed of solar panel, two-DC motors with gearbox, LDR sensor module and electronic circuit. Software part represents the thinking behavior of the system, that is how the system acting under several weather conditions. In this work sensing of the sun position carried out in two stages primary and secondary. Primary stage or indirect sensing performed via sun-earth relationship as a coarse adjustment and second stage or direct sensing performed via set of LDR sensors as output tuning to trims the azimuth and altitude angles. If the weather is cloudy or dusty, the tracking system uses primary stage or sun-earth geometrical relationships only to identify the location of the sun; so the system tracks the position of the sun regardless the weather condition. The energy extracted from photovoltaic (PV) or any solar collector depends on solar irradiance. For maximum extraction of energy from the sun, the solar collector panel should always be normal to the incident radiation Solar trackers moves the solar collector to follow the sun path and keeps the orientation of the solar collector at an optimal tilt angle. Solar tracking system improves substantially the energy efficiency of photovoltaic (PV) panel. In this paper, an automatic dual axis solar tracking system is designed and developed using Light Dependent Resistor (LDR) and DC motors on a mechanical structure with gear arrangement. Two-axis solar tracking (azimuth angle as well as altitude angle) is implemented through Arduino UNO controller based on Sun-Earth Geometry. The results indicated that the automatic solar tracking system is more reliable and efficient than fixed one.