IEEE 2017-2018 Project Titles on Consumer Electronics

Abstract:

Assistive Technology (AT) maintains and improves the individual's functioning and independence, thereby promoting their well-being. But today only 1 from each 10 people in need have access to AT due to high costs and a lack of awareness, availability, personal training, policy and financing. By 2050, more than 2 billion people will need at least 1 assistive product with many elderly needing 2 or more. Elderly make important contributions to the society. Though some people aged well, other become frail, with a high risk of disease. In this paper, we propose a first approach related the design of AT device. This uses open source technologies and gives a new choice in taking medication dosages. “The Intelligent PillBox” allows the organization of several medication schedules that health disorders presented in elderly need basically. Arduino Mega 2560 was took as the principal controller. This prototype contains; a programmable alarm system with an automatic opening and closing system, an interactive user interface and a notification system through GSM network. The development of this device is focused in the support of elderly people and other vulnerable groups that may need for an assisted care.

Abstract:

The paper represents a smart gadget to avert the calamitous effects of pest bugs in the farming land as well as in household commodities. In this paper, development and performance analysis of smart ultrasonic insects repellent device has been demonstrated. This device is able to generate different types of frequencies which are very helpful to repel different types of insects. It can be controlled from any distance with DTMF (Dual Tone Multi Frequency) technology. Besides, manual control with night mode via LDR (Light Dependent Resistor) has also been employed. The device would be charged through solar energy system which is a cost effective approach. A power amplifier along with a microcontroller known as Arduino Uno as well as solar charger circuit regulator and solar panel are used. The implementation of this device in farmland has shown a great reduction of bugs attack compared to the other land which doesn't have one.

Abstract:

As quadriplegia patients lost the ability to control the upper and lower limbs due to upper spinal cord injury, they need an intelligent control system to use a traditional electric wheelchair, which is driven normally by a joystick controller. One of the successful control systems for this kind of user is the use of head tilts as a controller. It allows the quadriplegia patient to drive the rehabilitation wheelchair with the head tilt or motion around x, y and z-axes. In this paper, the design and realization of a speed compensation algorithm are proposed. The speed compensation algorithm enhances the head tilts controller performance in case of non-straight roads and passing ramps. It is designed to compensate the lost speed in one or both of the wheelchair motors depending on the value of the road slope angle and the user weight. The algorithm uses a closed loop control by receiving speed feedback from two magnetic encoders fixed at the wheelchair motors. The speed of each motor is calculated by counting the number of wheels rotating per time. The wheelchair position and slope information acquisition are realized using a sophisticated Bosch BNO055 orientation sensor fixed on the wheelchair chassis. The practical tests showed excellent performance for the system enhancing both the control and the safety of the user.

Abstract:

In this paper, we propose system based on impulse radio ultra-wideband (IR-UWB) radar sensors for counting multiple people passing through a passage or a wide door. The proposed counting system utilizes two IR-UWB radar sensors equipped with antennas which have narrow beam width to form two invisible electronic layers in the path. The two electronic layers are used for sensing and direction recognition of multiple people passing by. Algorithmically, sensing and direction recognition of a person passing through a path are performed considering both information of a received signal in each radar and mutual information between two radar signals. The proposed counting system is implemented with two radar modules designed using commercial radar ICs and a Raspberry Pi 2 module. We installed the designed modules in the subway station to verify the performance. Based on the installed modules, data were acquired for one week and the counting performance was verified for various time intervals such as 2 minutes, 1 hour, and 1 day. Except for a few cases, we could get counting results with errors less than 10%.

Abstract:

Recently vehicle tracking system is getting vast popularity because of the rising number of the stolen vehicles. Vehicle theft is happening on parking and sometimes driving in unsecured places. This research work explores how to avoid this kind of stealing and provides more security to the vehicles. The implemented system contains single-board embedded system which is equipped with global system for mobile (GSM) and global positioning system (GPS) along with a microcontroller installed in the vehicle. The use of GSM and GPS technologies allows the system to track the object and provides the most up-to-date information about on-going trips. Moreover, fingerprint verification is done in the implemented system to ensure the driving of correct person. The implemented system is very simple with greater security for vehicle anti-theft protection and low cost technique compared to others.

Abstract:

This paper characterizes the design, implementation and employment of cashless and secure payment system in vending machine by using radio frequency identification technology, to improve the traditional cash-based payment system that involved lot of problems and risks i.e., hacking, auditing, storing, currency and material of coins and notes. RFID is achieving momentum in a multiple sectors like retail, security, transportation, pharmaceuticals, defense, healthcare etc., and a host of other fields, and now vending machines. Our proposed methodology consists of passive RFID identification cards and reader for consumers, Arduino Mega microcontroller, SPI protocol for RFID and Arduino interfacing, keypad for password protection, liquid crystal display (LCD) for displaying consumer name and current balance, and SMS is sent for notification using GSM module. Spiral coil architecture is supported by DC motors powered by relays in mechanical structure of vending machine. It also describes how such product-oriented RFID card based vending machine can maximum facilitates the system engineering.

Abstract:

Since the effective and efficient system of water quality monitoring (WQM) are critical implementation for the issue of polluted water globally, with increasing in the development of Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) technology in the Internet of Things (IoT) environment, real time water quality monitoring is remotely monitored by means of real-time data acquisition, transmission and processing. This paper presents a reconfigurable smart sensor interface device for water quality monitoring system in an IoT environment. The smart WQM system consists of Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) design board, sensors, Zigbee based wireless communication module and personal computer (PC). The FPGA board is the core component of the proposed system and it is programmed in very high speed integrated circuit hardware description language (VHDL) and C programming language using Quartus II software and Qsys tool. The proposed WQM system collects the five parameters of water data such as water pH, water level, turbidity, carbon dioxide (CO2) on the surface of water and water temperature in parallel and in real time basis with high speed from multiple different sensor nodes.

Abstract:

In order to realize the collection, management, visualization, and uploading of real-time information in the paddy field, an information monitoring node based on automatic tracking solar-powered panel is presented in this paper. First, the node consists of information collecting sensors, STM32 MCU, LCD, GPRS module, automatic tracking solar-powered module, and monitoring interface. Second, data gathered from sensors can be displayed on the LCD and sent to the host computer interface. Moreover, host computer can also save the data packages to management server for examination and analysis. Finally, in the practical test, data are gathered every 2 h. At nontest time, the node works in low-power mode to achieve rational use of electric energy. The results of this experiment show that the node can achieve an accurate transmission and display of data, and the power supply system can meet the demand for electricity in continuous rainy days.

Abstract:

Electronic Voting Machine (EVM) is a device that is used to count ballot and record votes instead of doing it manually using human resource to record and count votes. The many problems associated with manual counting of votes that it laborious, erroneous and time consuming. This makes the entire system very inefficient. As voting is a sensitive issue, mis-management can lead to issues as large and complicated as political unrest. The debilitating effect that political unrest can eventually lead to needs no describing. Bangladesh, being a developing nation cannot afford to be held up in its economic development due to mis-management in elections. On the other hand, for a power starved nation like Bangladesh, the gap between demand and supply of electricity remains large. A good majority of the people are deprived of this basic facility. Over-dependency on electronic devices for sensitive purposes might not seem like a viable option either. However, renewable energy based systems can be the solution to tackling such crisis. A solar powered EVM addresses all the above concerns. This paper discusses in detail the design of a solar powered EVM prototype which is efficient and allows the user a relief from the laborious act of vote collection and counting. Furthermore, it also removes the errors from the system, since it is a digital device. One of the biggest concerns of EVM is the security system which includes insider threats, network vulnerability and challenges to auditing. To limit these issues the prototype has been developed with a three stage security encryption.

Abstract:

Advancement in payment technologies has an important impact on one's quality of life. Emerging payment technologies create both opportunities and challenges for the future. Being a quick and convenient process, contactless payment gained momentum, especially with merchants, with throughput being the main parameter. However, it poses risks to issuers, as no robust customer verification method is available. Thus, efforts have been underway to evolve and sustain a well-organized, efficient, reliable, and secure unified payment system, which may contribute to the smooth functioning of the market by eliminating obstacles in business.

Abstract:

Shopping behavior data is of great importance in understanding the effectiveness of marketing and merchandising campaigns. Online clothing stores are capable of capturing customer shopping behavior by analyzing the click streams and customer shopping carts. Retailers with physical clothing stores, however, still lack effective methods to comprehensively identify shopping behaviors. In this paper, we show that backscatter signals of passive RFID tags can be exploited to detect and record how customers browse stores, which garments they pay attention to, and which garments they usually pair up. The intuition is that the phase readings of tags attached to items will demonstrate distinct yet stable patterns in a time-series when customers look at, pick out, or turn over desired items. We design ShopMiner, a framework that harnesses these unique spatial-temporal correlations of time-series phase readings to detect comprehensive shopping behaviors. We have implemented a prototype of ShopMiner with a COTS RFID reader and four antennas, and tested its effectiveness in two typical indoor environments. Empirical studies from two-week shopping-like data show that ShopMiner is able to identify customer shopping behaviors with high accuracy and low overhead, and is robust to interference.

Abstract:

Agriculture happens to be the key source of livelihood for more or less every occupant in developing country including India. Agriculture by and large determines the economic growth of nation and is known to be its backbone. It is due to the population explosion, which resulted in disproportion of demand/ supply ratio for agricultural products. To satisfy ever increasing demand for agricultural products, either the agricultural productivity has to be nearly doubled or the methods used in traditional agriculture have to modified in a way that would cut short the wastage of agricultural resources to nearly half. The proposed framework for precision agriculture employs low cost environmental sensors, an Arduino Uno prototyping board and a pair of wireless transceivers (XBee ZB S2) along with actuating circuit to provide automated irrigation and monitoring of crops. The proposed prototype uses XBee protocol which is based on ZigBee technology and is built over IEEE 802.15.4 standard. The important characteristics of ZigBee technology favorable for precision agriculture are; low data rate, low power consumption and larger coverage area. Thus, due to aforesaid characteristics, ZigBee technology happens to be the first choice for implementing precision agriculture. The prototype developed not only provides real time monitoring of crops by sensing parameters like temperature, humidity and moisture content of the soil which are essentially required for the healthy growth of the crops but also provides automated irrigation. It also uses the resources only when demanded by the crops and that too in right quantity, thereby reducing the resource wastage.

Abstract:

This paper presents a system to monitor the presence of trace moisture in SF6 Gas Insulated Switchgear (GIS) employing a micro-cantilever sensor. The main objective of the proposed system design is to continuously monitor the moisture concentration inside the GIS for enhanced safety. Microcantilever based sensors reduce the overall size of the measurement system as well as enhance the measurement accuracy and sensitivity. A new system approach is proposed to detect trace moisture by monitoring the change in Q-factor of the microcantilever. It makes the measurement of resonant frequency of the microcantilever easier to implement and analyze. The system is made Internet of Things (IoT) enabled using Raspberry Pi. It allows easy local and remote accessibility of sensor data. The usefulness of the proposed system lies in its continuous monitoring ability, compact nature and easy integration and accessibility, which are some of the essential and current requirements of the smart grid environment.

Abstract:

With an increase in public awareness about climate change and substantial advancement in the utilization of renewable energies, there is a growing demand for the development of compact and portable solar-powered devices at the consumer electronics level. This paper details the electronic circuitry design and prototyping of a solar-powered charger with an IoT platform. The work also addresses challenges in battery charging and discharging, current measurement, and battery chemistry selection.

Abstract:

Administration in India hypothesizes that there are street mishaps happening at regular intervals and the regular stake are of human blunders under which sum to 93% of all mischances. The aggregate yearly human loss because of street mishaps has crossed 1.18lakh. A dynamic shrewd demonstrative framework on the system that cautions and helps the driver in effective driving and the technical expert with finding among other accessible information is the need of great importance. This demand for an intelligent safe driving system providing safety to driver as well as passengers that assists the driver in handling a situation of sudden probability of collisions. The work proposes ARM7 controller based execution to caution around a crash and overcome it. The controller is employed with a built-in CAN protocol which plays the major role in communicating with all the devices and sensors. Ultrasonic sensor acts as an obstacle detector for front-end of the vehicle and IR sensors for change of lanes. Motor driver acts as an interface between controller and the motor. A GSM module is also employed to get information on phone via short message service. Warnings are obtained with buzzer and LCD display also.