IEEE 2017-2018 Project Titles on GSM/GPS

Abstract:

Recently, academia and industry have focused on the creation of new systems for mapping and exploration of unknown spaces in order to create advanced guide systems for robots and people affected by disabilities. In particular, the most common applications are related to the exploration of unknown and/or dangerous spaces that are not accessible to people by exploiting the advantages offered by ultrasonic technology. This work aims at designing a new low-cost system, namely, ultrasonic radar system, to blindly map environments by using ultrasonic sensors, then displaying the acquired information through an Android-based device.

Abstract:

How to achieve reliable and accurate positioning performance using low-cost sensors is one of the main challenges for land vehicles. This paper proposes a novel fusion positioning strategy for land vehicles in GPS-denied environments, which enhances the positioning performance simultaneously from the sensor and methodology levels. It integrates multiple complementary low-cost sensors not only incorporating GPS and microelectromechanical-based inertial measurement unit, but also a “virtual” sensor, i.e., a sliding-mode observer (SMO). The SMO is first synthesized based on nonlinear vehicle dynamics model to estimate vehicle state information robustly. Then, a federated Kalman filter (FKF) is designed to fuse all sensor information, which can easily isolate and accommodate such sensor failures as GPS ones due to its decentralized filtering architecture. Further, a hybrid global estimator (HGE) is constructed by augmenting the FKF with a grey predictor, which has the advantages of dealing with the systems with uncertain or insufficient information. The HGE works in the update mode when there is no GPS failure, whereas it switches to the prediction mode in case of GPS outage to realize accurate and reliable positioning. The experimental results validate the effectiveness and reliability of the proposed strategy.

Abstract:

Recently vehicle tracking system is getting vast popularity because of the rising number of the stolen vehicles. Vehicle theft is happening on parking and sometimes driving in unsecured places. This research work explores how to avoid this kind of stealing and provides more security to the vehicles. The implemented system contains single-board embedded system which is equipped with global system for mobile (GSM) and global positioning system (GPS) along with a microcontroller installed in the vehicle. The use of GSM and GPS technologies allows the system to track the object and provides the most up-to-date information about on-going trips. Moreover, fingerprint verification is done in the implemented system to ensure the driving of correct person. The implemented system is very simple with greater security for vehicle anti-theft protection and low cost technique compared to others.

Abstract:

The need for efficient public transportation system such as buses is rapidly increased due to the increasing in population, the passengers need to know the accurate arrival time of the particular bus to particular station and then plan their journey from their home. Fuel monitoring have been the major problem that most of bus companies looking to solve. This paper developed a bus tracking and monitoring the fuel and speed system to provide a facility for the management requirements by the administrator. The proposed system based on Arduino, GSM/GPS and map suit ASP.MVC which provide the actuated arrival time in addition to graphically showing the bus location on Google map. The design also enables the owner of the buses to monitor the bus instantaneously because the system administrator can easily maintained database information of buses and its fuel tank at any time of the service.

Abstract:

Electricity, the most usable form of energy is used widely through the whole world. With the evolution of modern technology, the usage of electricity is escalating gradually. But the production of electricity is confined due to deficiency of resources. So power must be used in a concise way. In many countries, electrical energy is measured by energy meter which is inspected by a human. According to their inspection, the electric bills are prepared and most often these are prepared on the basis of assumption which could be inaccurate, costly, time-consuming as well as error prone. Due to the absence of regular monitoring system, sometimes consumer use electrical energy month after month without paying any bill. Energy meter monitoring and digital billing system is a kind of system which would be able to avoid traditional meter reading, save human resources, improve the accuracy and prevent the power theft. In this paper, a remote monitoring of energy meter and digital billing system is inaugurated through GSM 900. For monitoring server, major programming languages had been introduced to relate the methodologies, execute logical functions, store data in a database and send the monthly bill to the consumer cell phone number and finally disconnect the unpaid consumer.

Abstract:

This paper presents the design and development of a fuzzy logic based multisensor fire detection system and a web-based notification system. Until recently, most consumer grade fire detection systems relied solely on smoke detectors. The protection provided by these has been established to be limited by the type of fire present and the detection technology at use. The problem is further compounded by the lack of adequate alert and notification mechanisms. A typical system relies on the physical presence of a human being to act on the alert. In developing countries, poor planning and addressing negatively affects the fire and rescue crew's response time. To address this problem, a fuzzy logic system was implemented using an Arduino development board with inputs from an MQ2 smoke sensor, a TMP102 temperature sensor, and a DFRobot flame sensor. The output of the detection system is sent over short message service (SMS) using a SIM900 global system for mobile communication (GSM) module to the web-based system and the house owner or caretaker in real-time. With access granted to the web-based system, the fire and rescue crew also get notified in real-time with location information. A comparison between the efficiency of the notification system employed by standard fire detectors and the multisensor remote-based notification approach adopted in this paper showed significant improvements in the form of timely detection, alerting, and response.

Abstract:

The development of remote control technology has grown rapidly along with the development of communication technology nowadays. The simplest communication technology available is by using GSM protocol. In this paper, a prototype of electric appliance control tool via SMS by using GSM is proposed. GSM protocol was chosen because it does not depend on mobile devices' platform. GSM SIM 900 and Arduino for controlling a relay module were utilized here. Relay module worked in accordance with orders given through SMS and the mobile device then received the feedback of the command. For testing purpose, ten (10) different types of input string as a command control was proceed. Relay worked according to orders sent from the input string submitted and feedback messages from the command given previously was provided.

Abstract:

In this paper, implementation of a wearable glove is presented that can be used to assist the visually impaired people. It can help the blind person to avoid hurdles using haptic and voice feedback. It does not only navigate the path to the blind person but also informs about his/her location to others through a message on the mobile device. It can help his/her caretaker (in case he is not near to the blind person) to locate him using the received coordinates from the communication module of glove having Global Positioning System (GPS) and Global System for Mobile Communication (GSM) technology. This wearable glove is physically realized by interfacing different sensors and communication modules with Arduino UNO. Different modes of obstacles detection and alerts are provided using various sensors and actuators to assist visually impaired person.

Abstract:

Drowsy is the reason for most of the road accidents. Manually tracing the drowsy driver is not an easy task, because every day thousands of vehicles are running on the roads. So we need a system that must come with every car and if it detects the sleepy driver it must stop the vehicle immediately. In addition to this if the driver is slept the vehicle will be stopped, and it monitors the heart-beat, Respiration rate and temperature of the driver and displays it in the LCD. These three parameters are very important because it shows the body status of the driver. These parameters are monitored manually and in case of emergency the in-charge of the ward calls the doctor.

Abstract:

The objective of this paper is to design and implement the low cost digital meter using PIC microcontroller, which could be used for monitoring the temperature and humidity of our environment. In this paper, it is focused mainly for our homes. The temperature is measured using LM35 temperature sensor and the humidity is measured using DHT11 humidity sensor. The measured parameters are displayed through LCD screens, normally like a digital meter. Apart from acting as a meter, it performs the function of automated control system which controls the motor driver connected to the fan, based on the temperature sensed using the microcontroller. When the fire catches the home and the sensor values exceeds the limit, an alert SMS will be sent to the person living in the home through the SIM900 GSM module. Also, an SMS carrying the home address will be sent to the fire department which alerts the fire fighters to urge to the location so that they can protect the home from fire. This paper also proposes the idea of automatic humidity controller using dehumidifier controlled by the microcontroller through the relay module. Thus, the proposed microcontroller based automated digital meter model has been discussed in the paper.

Abstract:

With the progress and development of national economy as well as power system, reliability and safety issues of power system have been more important. Development of distribution Transformer Health Monitoring System (THMS) has been done in that reason. Distribution transformer is the most vital asset in any electrical distribution network and therefore it needs special care and attention. This THMS can monitor the health status of the distribution transformer in real time aspect. As a large number of transformers are distributed over a wide area in present electric systems, it's difficult to monitor the condition manually of every single transformer. So automatic data acquisition and transformer condition monitoring has been an important issue. This project presents design and implementation of a mobile embedded system to monitor load currents, over voltage, transformer oil level and oil temperature. The implementation on-line monitoring system integrates Global Service Mobile (GSM) Modem, with single chip microcontroller and sensors. It is installed at the distribution transformer site. The output values of sensors are processed and recorded in the system memory. System programmed with some predefined instructions to check abnormal conditions. If there is any abnormality on the system, the GSM module will send SMS (Short Message Service) messages to designated mobile telephones containing information about the abnormality according to the aforesaid predefined instructions. This mobile system will help the utilities to optimally utilize transformers and identify problems before any catastrophic failure occurs. This system will be an advanced step to the automation by diminishing human dependency. As it is a wireless communicating system, there is no need of large cables which are of high cost. Thus THMS offers a more improved transformer monitoring.

Abstract:

Solid waste management is one of major aspect which has to be considered in terms of making urban area environment healthier. The common dustbins placed by the municipal corporation are leading no. of health, environmental and social issues. Various causes are there like improper dustbin placement in city, improper system of collecting waste by City Corporation, and more specifically people are not aware enough to use dustbins in proper way. These various major causes are leading serious problems like, an unhygienic condition, air pollution, and unhealthy environment creating health disease. Up till now, research has been carried out by developing a Software Applications for indicating dustbin status, another by Shortest path method for garbage collecting vehicles by integrating RFID, GSM, GIS system; but no any active efforts has been taken paying attention towards managing such waste in atomized way. Considering all these major factors, a smart solid waste management system is designed that will check status and give alert of dustbin fullness and more significantly system has a feature to literate people to use dustbin properly and to automatically sense and clean garbage present outside the dustbin. Thus presented solution achieves smart solid waste management satisfying goal of making Indian cities clean, healthy and hygienic.

Abstract:

Floods are a constant threat throughout the year to the United Stated and its territories like Puerto Rico. Although there are various methods of alerts available; such as the Emergency Broadcast System or sirens, none of these can alert a user remotely in an efficient and timely manner. The design goal of this project is to provide a real-time system able to monitor sudden floods in parking lots, addressing the concern of water damage to vehicles; creating a personal opt-in alert that could reach an end user through their mobile phone. In this case, the system defines two types of nodes: Sensing and Sink. Each sensing node uses a hydrostatic pressure sensor to monitor the water levels; it will then communicate with neighboring nodes via XBee radios until the data reaches the sink node. The sink node is then responsible for sending the received data from the sensors to a remote server via mobile communications network (GSM). An up to date database of users and flood levels will then be processed and handled by the server, which will send users an email alert that will reach any mobile phone as a text message (SMS).

Abstract:

Real-time awareness of the phasor state, including the volatile frequency and phase angle, is critical to maintain reliable and stable operations of the power grid. However, the high cost and low accessibility of current synchrophasors restrict their large-scale deployment over highly distributed microgrids. In this paper, we present a practical system design for monitoring the microgrid frequency and phase angle over mobile platforms and significantly reduce the cost of such monitoring. Being different from current synchrophasors, our system does not rely on continuous GPS reception and hence it is highly accessible and applicable to heterogeneous microgrid scenarios. We develop various techniques to provide the timing signal that is necessary for precise microgrid monitoring. For frequency monitoring, the network time protocol is exploited for time synchronization. For phase angle monitoring which requires a higher timing accuracy, 200 Hz primary synchronization signal being embedded in the 4G LTE cellular signal is harvested for time synchronization. We implemented our system over off-the-shelf smartphones with a few peripheral hardware components and realized an accuracy of 1.7 MHz and 0.01 rad for frequency and phase angle monitoring, respectively. Although the accuracy of the prototype is lower than that of the GPS-based systems, the system could still satisfy the requirements of microgrid monitoring. The total cost of the system can be controlled within $100 and no installation cost is required. Experiment results compared with the traditional frequency disturbance recorders verify the effectiveness of our proposed system.