IEEE 2019-2020 Projects on IoT

Abstract: A large number of sanitation workers die every year due to erratic and lack of facilities available, and harmful toxic gases released while cleaning the sewage. Real time health monitoring systems for such workers will prove helpful. This real time health monitoring device will work in a sewage as a safety equipment. In this paper, the device presented will monitor the pulse rate of a person using a pulse oximetry sensor, the methane concentration and the atmospheric oxygen concentration and provide alert to worker and exterior unit. when parameters deviate from the safe range. This parameters in real time will promptly alert the workers to stay safe and detect toxic gases before any harm
Abstract: A great demand of modern earth is to get everything within a very short time. At present situation, people want to realize their current health condition and also want proper care rapidly. But older and disabled people are very incapable without someone’s help. Even they have to face so many difficulties to inform someone about their health condition. To solve this problem a smart and automobile system has proposed. The proposed system consists of health monitoring systems with body temperature and heartbeat measurement. This health monitoring system displayed temperature and heart rate data on an LCD, it also sends an automatic notification to caretakers or doctors. A fall detection system is added to abstain from unintentional injury and death for old and disabled persons. When the data crossed the normal value and the fall detector detects the fall that times the system send an automatic notification. This paper will focus on basic health monitoring and caring system for older and disabled people.
Abstract: Cultivation is the fundamental wellspring of pay of the general population in a nation like India adding up to 15-16% of the Gross domestic product of the nation. As per the financial overview of India 2018, around 55% of the number of inhabitants in India relies upon cultivating as their wellspring of occupation pay and time has come to acquaint a few changes with supplant those conventional cultivating rehearses with the development of money trims under computerized nursery utilizing IoT through remote sensors, actuators, microcontroller, raspberry pi, GSM module and associating links. In this paper, we have proposed a low cost greenhouse prototype model which can be afforded by the Indian farmers for the cultivation of cash crops such as saffron, vanilla, sugarcane, etc. and they can carry out the cultivation under this automated greenhouse thus improving their social, economic and financial condition by a great extent.
Abstract: In the advancing world, it is very crucial to protect our environment. Many incidents of man-made and natural disasters were happening around the world. Forest fires are one such catastrophe for environment. Once the fire inside deep forest starts, it burns and destroys everything and spreads everywhere within the forest. Fire spreads on hot days destroys trees and grasses due to drought conditions peaks in a forest region. Such forest fires disasters should be curbed in order to protect fauna and flora habitats in the forest. The objective of this work is to design and implement an IoT based system which is self-sustaining and would predict and detect the forest fires and sends the exact location to concerned officials which would help fire fighting personnel to extinguish the fire in the location where it starts slowly. This would prevent the fire to spread over a huge area and also able to take precautionary measures in order to prevent the fire which may occur in near future.
Abstract: With the growing technology, the demand for smart things is drastically increased in daily-life. The IoT (Internet of Things) is one of the major components that provides facility to interact with IoT enabled devices. In this work, we propose a secure and efficient smart home system that enable to protect homes from theft or unusual activities and parallelly saves power. Our system is developed by exploiting the features of IoT that facilitates us to monitor an IoT enabled home from anywhere anytime over the Internet when data are stored in the cloud. This system uses a motion detector to detect a moving object from the environment where the system is deployed. The proposed system is evaluated using real-time deployment at KU campus considering 30 rooms for 60 days and found really useful in terms of safeness from any theft and saving power in comparison to existing systems.
Abstract: The amount of the waste humans discards is rapidly increasing and will not be controlled without transformational changes. Waste management companies will be hugely impacted with such increments as they should provide resources for the collection of such waste with minimum or even zero income. This project aims to develop smart real-time waste management and monitoring system that optimized the resources and maximized the efficiency. The system is designed based on three main elements; Master station, Slave station, and Internet of things (IoT) platform. The master pin station gathers the data from the slave stations and transmits it to the IoT application for remote management and monitoring purposes. The system is powered up by using solar panels. Four parameters are used for monitoring and managing the waste: temperature value, level in percentage reading, smoke detection, and the global positioning system (GPS) location. The development phase of the system is designed into two phases; system modeling and hardware implementation. This paper present the modeling phase of the system development.
Abstract: Currently, smart cities are the result of the need to direct our lives towards sustainability through the development of solid strategic planning that uses infrastructure, innovation, and technology to adapt to changes brought about by the overpopulation of cities. Due to the growing vehicle fleet in the cities, the management of parking spaces has become very important and with it the interest in developing smart parking systems that promote the efficient and intensive use of information and communication technologies. This work presents the design and development of a smart vehicular presence sensor (SPIN-V, in its Spanish acronym), which is the cornerstone of a smart parking system (SEI-UVM, in its Spanish acronym). The SPIN-V is composed by a distance sensor and a camera to detect the entry of a vehicle to the parking space, and a LED indicator to inform that space has been reserved through a mobile application. Information on the occupation of the parking spaces is sent in real time to the monitoring center. The SPIN-V allows the efficient management of parking spaces generating a saving of time in the search while reducing vehicular traffic.
Abstract: Landslides pose significant socio-economic threats to areas whose geography favors them. Currently existing landslide monitoring methods and techniques are characterized by significant limitations both in technical terms (quality and frequency of data) and in terms of usability (high inferred costs, requirement of very high expertise). In this work we present an innovative landslide monitoring system that leverages state-of-the-art IoT technologies. The system consists of a set of autonomous sensing devices equipped with a sensor suit specifically tailored for monitoring landslides. The devices take sensory measurements at frequent intervals - while operating at a very low duty cycle - and transmit them over the SigFox network to a data server powered by ELK stack for curation and visualization. The system has been successfully deployed in a landslide site at Bournemouth, UK providing the local authorities with a new means of efficient and remote monitoring. The system follows a modular scalable architecture and has been proven to be highly reliable. As a result, there are plans for its use to be extended to other parts of the Bournemouth area as well as of the UK.
Abstract: Given that the global water system is deteriorating and the supply and demand are very dynamic, smart ways to improve the water management system are needed so that it becomes more efficient and to extend the services provided to the citizens leading to smart cities. One of many water related problems that can be addressed by the Internet of Things is anomaly detection in water consumption. The analysis of data collected by smart meters will help to personalize the feedback to customers, prevent water waste and detect alarming situations. Water consumption data can be considered as a time series. Time series anomaly detection is an old topic but in this work we attempt to examine which techniques suits better for water consumption. We examine two very well-known methods for time series anomaly detection: an ARIMA-based framework anomaly detection technique which selects as outliers those points no fitting an ARIMA process and also a technique named HOT-SAX which represents windows of data in a discrete way and then discriminates them using a heuristic. They are both very different in nature but the true positive analysis is excellent. The challenge remains in removing the false positive from the picture.
Abstract: This paper presents a control strategy that uses the Internet of Things (IoT) technology to manage a smart-grid framework including a solar desalination facility and a group of greenhouses that demand water for irrigation. In addition, the water public utility network has also been considered an agent of this smart-grid framework. The controller is based on a Model Predictive Control (MPC) strategy which uses information, by means of an IoT platform, coming from each one of the facilities included in the smart-grid to calculate the optimal control actions in the Cloud. Simulation results are shown to demonstrate the efficiency of the proposed method.
Abstract: Sleep Disordered breathing is an increasingly common condition among the general population. Conventional sleep disordered breathing diagnosis depends on in-lab polysomnography, while at-home sleep test devices are becoming a more widespread. Both systems are cumbersome and typically data is collected offline, typically limiting use to only a few nights recording. We present the design, implementation and preliminary results from a novel "IOT ready" sleep test device named "VitalCore". The device utilizes electroresistive polymer sensors and accelerometer to measure respiratory, cardiac and actigraphy information. The device uses Bluetooth 5 to stream and transfer data and is capable of reliably acquiring high quality sleep data. The device significantly improves the user experience by completely concealing the hardware into a t-shirt while providing five days of battery life, full speed Bluetooth 5 live data streaming/ downloading with local storage capable of more than a year worth of sleep data.
Abstract: Hospitals are challenging workplace with different levels of safety and hazards. This paper gives a brief idea about solutions designed to solve the problems faced in hospitals with the help of IOT. The main objective of this SMART hospital is patient safety and to regulate the excessive power consumption. Some of the problems identified by us are listed here and a possible solution for them is provided. Problems challenging patient safety are hospital fires and also a rare but fatal condition known as vascular air embolism. And that of optimal power consumption is excessive and neglected use of electricity. Integrating sensors with IOT to monitor environmental conditions can prove boon to the hospital industry as it not only enhances patient experience but also improves the staff flow decreasing the time-consuming activities.
Abstract: Dams are of major importance, primarily because of their use for generating hydroelectricity and irrigation purposes. This has resulted in the construction of a number of dams in potential areas over the years. As there are a lot of risk factors associated with the existence of these dams, it has become the need of the hour to develop a proper monitoring and regarding the opening of the shutters thereby management system for maintaining a safe water level in dams. Mismanagement of dams can lead to manmade disasters. Currently dams in our state are being monitored and controlled manually. This manual intervention can increase the probability of error and also results in time lag in decision making. The aim of this project is to design and implement an IoT based Disaster Monitoring and Management System for Dams (IDMMSD). The proposed system involves real-time monitoring of water levels of a group of dams under study. Water levels may vary due to drastic changes in water levels of connected rivers or lakes, or due to excessive rainfall in the catchment area. The proposed project includes a mechatronics system to open the shutters at the heights pre calculated. The system comprises of sensor nodes, smart controller and communication system. The proposed system is an app based IoT system which will monitor and send real time parameters related to Dam (gate position, water discharge, water level) and weather conditions (rain fall, temperature, humidity). There will be two modes for operating the software i.e. Autopilot mode and Manual data mode. The system also includes features like SMS alert to the people of the locality and SOS to rescue operations in case of adverse weather conditions.
Abstract: The environmental problems and associated issues had been a source of worry for the world. Emerge of IoT (Internet of things) and the step towards the smart approach such as smart cities, smart buildings, and smart grid have really posed the successful implementation of IoT. The success is only possible in the real sense when the problematic issues can be addressed. This paper proposes an Internet of Things Technology based protection and monitoring of environment of a poultry house. The proposed software based hardware is capable of monitoring the environment related parameters such as air temperature, air humidity, O2, CO2 level of concentration and NH3 concentration. The wireless sensor is responsible for the effective data collection of the described parameters and also these are source coordination and control. The hardware is implemented successfully at different sites within the poultry shed. The experimental setup was found very effective and accurate. This scheme will earn a safe environment and profit to the poultry industry.
Abstract: Internet of Things (IoT) consists of devices that connect to the internet and communicate with each other. It enables these devices to collect and exchange data with a consumer. This paper presents an IoT-based Smart Garden with Weather Station system, which can be used to monitor the growth of plant every day and predict the probability for raining. Why this IoT-based device is been created? Many people are interested in growing the plants are always forget on watering the plants. Hence, in this study, the device is equipped with a water pump, where it can be monitored and controlled by using a smartphone. In addition, the devices also consist of four main sensors, which are Barometric Pressure, DHT11 Temperature, and Humidity Sensor, Soil Moisture Sensor and Light intensity module sensor. The Soil and Light Intensity sensor used to measure the value by percentages. Besides, two actuators, which are the water pump and LED light can be used remotely or by using a button on the devices. The LED is purposely to replicate the sunlight and make the plant grow faster. This IoT-based Smart Garden with Weather Station System can record the data and send the result to user through the smartphone application named as Blynk apps. This research is beneficial, and the system can be easily managed by all users such as researcher or farmer, and children.
Abstract: In today's world Internet of Things plays an important role in many applications such as smart home, smart transportation system etc. Vehicle theft is the major problem faced by the people in the society. The statistical survey shows vehicles which get stolen out of 4 only 1 get recovered. Present systems use key and remote to lock the vehicle. At many places CCTV cameras are present which are used to locate the stolen vehicle. But CCTV cameras are not present at all places. Control of vehicle and knowledge of their location even after theft can help recovery of the stolen vehicle fastly. The proposed system helps to find the vehicle location using GPS and the vehicle speed is gradually reduced by reducing speed of ignition motor. It helps to find the vehicle immediately after knowing it's stolen. As GPS system is used, the location of the vehicle is also known. The command sent from the smartphone goes to the GSM system which is interfaced with controller which reduces the speed of ignition motor and immobilizes it. The system developed is reliable, low cost and user friendly which can help in the recovery of vehicle if it gets stolen.
Abstract: Safety is a major problem in construction works. There is no proper solution to solve the problem. People's safety is not ensured in the construction works. In most of the cases, the problem occurs due to work stress or poor health conditions. Some of the accidents occur where people fall down from heights and left unnoticed which leads to death due to lack of medical attention. According to the international report almost 48000 workers die every year due to workplace accidents and the construction site tops the list with 24.20 percent. However, most deaths occurred were preventable. This project aims to develop smart wearable devices such as band and helmet using various sensors that will help in monitoring the health and safety of workers. The devices constructed using IoT help in detecting the fall of any workers and sends SMS notification for immediate aid. Moreover, the workers vitals such as heart rate and temperature are also monitored and warned regarding abnormal health conditions. The project aims to provide a secure and safer working environment for worker thus reducing the number of deaths happening in construction sites. The prototype developed was tested on various conditions and showed high accuracy in the performance.
Abstract: Recently, the use of IoT (Internet of Things) based system has been expanded with inestimable Internet resources. The system demonstrates the creation of innovative systems that facilitate control and supervision regardless of distance and time. In a poultry house, both temperature and humidity levels should be monitored regularly in ensuring the system runs smoothly. It needs to be monitored 24/7 to avoid incidents that caused the temperature rises too high. This paper highlights the IoT solution in monitoring the temperature and humidity condition including the presence of electricity connectivity, regardless of time and place.
Abstract: This paper explains an efficient speed control method of an electric fan module using Smart Android or IOS phone. Espino and Arduino circuits are used in this process to achieve the objective of this paper. Wi-Fi connection is used as a communication protocol between fan, Espino board and smart phone. The goal is to develop an existing fan into a smart fan, thereby the user can regulate the fan speed from his or her foot step. The final prototype fan model significantly improves ease of use for senior citizens and disabled persons. The proposed method is simple and provides room for further improvement.
Abstract: Currently, payment at most car parking-lots is carried out in the following manner: a ticket machine at entrance prints a ticket with a bar-code for each car entering the parking-lot. This ticket is later scanned at a payment terminal to determine the amount to be paid. The procedure can be automated using face detection and recognition technology. This automation can help with the issue of ticket loss/car theft. This study describes an automated car parking system. The proposed system consists of a camera installed at the entrance/exit of the parking-lot. Frames are continuously acquired by the camera. If there is a detected face, it is registered in the database. When a driver is leaving, the face image is captured again at the exit of parking-lot and compared in the database to conclude the identity. The system at the parking entrance/exit is composed of the following processing modules: (i) image acquisition, (ii) vehicle and face detection, and (iii) feature extraction that also includes a feature comparison/classification module for face recognition. The authors propose suitable algorithms for each module and carry out ad-hoc experiments to check the feasibility of the proposed system.
Abstract: In the living world technology is evolving day by day in different fields like artificial intelligent, machine learning, virtual 1 reality, touch commerce, internet of things and so on. The main motive of the paper is focus to the customer needs and purpose because time is more important to everyone in the real world. But the people spend the more time in the supermarket. For example, consumers purchase the number of items in the supermarket using trolley. After purchasing they can face some problems like waiting the long queue in billing section and without knowing about the calculation of purchased items. So, we can consider these problem to find the remedies called as "Intelligent shopping cart using BOLT based on IOT". Our IOT kit consists of barcode scanner, LCD display, Bolt ESP8266. The broad clarification of its process is, when consumer takes an item and put inside the trolley, that time barcode scanner scan the item barcode and value as well as gain to show into the digital display panel. Later than consumer concluded their purchasing and the bill is send to the counter section. It will save the time and consumer early itself knowing the calculation of purchased items.
Abstract: LPG is widely used for cooking in many countries for economic reasons, for convenience or because it is the preferred fuel source. This paper focuses on the application of the IoT which is used for measuring and displaying the gasoline content present in household LPG cylinder and this is helpful in automatic booking of new LPG cylinder and also detect the gas leakage. Usually the capacity of LPG in Cylinder is not determined, so we are going to display the level of LPG. The level of LPG is measured using load sensor (SEN-10245). The output of the sensor is connected with Arduino R3.By use of GSM Module, the information is sent to user by SMS (short messaging service) and also automatic booking is done by dialing the registered gas booking number. Then the gas leakage is detected by gas sensor (MQ-6). By using this, we can detect the current LPG level and it is continuously displayed on the LCD. We can know the validity of LPG usage from the date of initialization. By use of IOT the user is alerted by giving the message to their mobile phone when the LPG level is critically low(below 20%).Automatic booking of new LPG by auto dialing of gas booking number and by this we prevent pre-booking and late booking. Then by detecting the gas leakage we can prevent the LPG gas burst accidents in the home.
Abstract: Internet of Things (IoT) is a worldwide system of “smart devices” that can sense and connect with their surroundings and interact with users and other systems. Global air pollution is one of the major concerns of our era. Existing monitoring systems have inferior precision, low sensitivity, and require laboratory analysis. Therefore, improved monitoring systems are needed. To overcome the problems of existing systems, we propose a three-phase air pollution monitoring system. An IoT kit was prepared using gas sensors, Arduino integrated development environment (IDE), and a Wi-Fi module. This kit can be physically placed in various cities to monitoring air pollution. The gas sensors gather data from air and forward the data to the Arduino IDE. The Arduino IDE transmits the data to the cloud via the Wi-Fi module. We also developed an Android application termed IoT-Mobair, so that users can access relevant air quality data from the cloud. If a user is traveling to a destination, the pollution level of the entire route is predicted, and a warning is displayed if the pollution level is too high. The proposed system is analogous to Google traffic or the navigation application of Google Maps. Furthermore, air quality data can be used to predict future air quality index (AQI) levels.
Abstract: For smart home terminals with different technologies, it is difficult to achieve unified management due to the lack of a common control platform. A smart socket design scheme based on NB-IoT is proposed to explore the intelligent upgrade of household appliances. The overall architecture of the smart socket is given. The hardware and software design ideas of the smart socket are expounded. The communication protocol between the smart socket and the IoT cloud platform is established, and the intelligent interaction between the common home appliance, the cloud platform and the user is realized. The experimental results show that the smart socket realizes the remote monitoring and management of the household appliances by the user without changing the function of the traditional socket, and promotes the overall intelligent development of the smart home.
Abstract: Nowadays, the world is moving towards the use of the "Future Internet" concepts. The emergence of the Internet of Things (IoT) as a new Future Internet concept has led to a new wave of application potential which could play an important role in our daily life. The performance of existing applications may be improved greatly by applying IoT-enabling technologies efficiently. This paper presents a developed IoT-based access control system for vehicles passing through the entry and exit gates in Truck-Loading Fuels Terminals. The developed system follows a new design approach utilizing one of the most prominent IoT technologies, the Radio Frequency Identification (RFID), with its write capabilities. The novel design approach followed in developing the presented topic aims at offering enhanced system performance with regard to speed, security and allocated resources
Abstract: The health and wellness sector is critical to human society and as such should be one of the first to receive the benefits of upcoming technologies like IoT. Some of the Internet of Medical Things (IoMT) are connected to IoT networks to monitor the day-to-day activities of the patients. Recently there has been attempts to design new medical devices which monitor the medications and help aged people for a better assisted living. In this paper, one such attempt is made to design a multipurpose portable intelligent device named MEDIBOX which helps the patients take their medications at the right time. This box is a proficient system which maintains the parameters like temperature and humidity in a controlled range recommended by the drug manufacturer and thus maintains the potency of the medicines even if the patient is travelling. Related to this, we have developed a Host Management System (HMS) which is capable of cloud-based installation and monitoring that stores and controls the MEDIBOX functionality for further analysis and future modification in design aspects.